A student-based funding system by which individual students, based on their characteristics (e.g., low income, English learner, or special education status, or rurality), are given additional funding in the form of a “weight,” suggesting they need a percent of funding over the base level of funding. For example, a student from a low-income background may be funded with a weight of .4, meaning the funding for that student will be 1.4 times the base level of funding.5